文章摘要
梁冠辉,孙宝楠,薛宇欢,陶常飞,官 晟,周兴华.应用于海洋物性监测仪的小型浮标水动力分析[J].海洋科学进展,2021,39(1):136-145
  
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1671-6647.2021.01.014
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应用于海洋物性监测仪的小型浮标水动力分析
Hydrodynamic Analysis of Small Buoy Applied to Marine Physical Parameters Monitor
作者单位
梁冠辉1,孙宝楠1,2,薛宇欢1,2,陶常飞1,官 晟1,2,周兴华1 1. 自然资源部 第一海洋研究所,山东 青岛 266061
2. 青岛海洋科学与技术试点国家实验室 区域海洋动力学与数值模拟功能实验室, 山东 青岛 266237 
中文摘要:
      为验证研制的国产气象水文传感器的性能,设计了直径3 m的圆盘式小型浮标,拟搭载所有传感器在2 000 m以深海域开展应用试验。统计了试验海域的有义波高、波浪周期、最大风速和表层流速等环境参数,计算了浮标的质量、重心、吃水、受力投影面积和惯性矩等设计参数。以三维势流理论和波浪辐射 绕射理论为基础,使用AQWA软件在频域内对浮标进行水动力计算,仿真了浮标工作时所受的一阶波浪力、附加质量、附加阻尼和运动幅值响应因子,通过仿真结果对浮标设计方案进行优化,优化后的浮标计算结果随波浪频率变化平缓,幅值合理且无激增点,表明该浮标与工作海域内的波浪没有发生明显谐振,对环境载荷有足够的承受能力,方案可用于浮标研制。
中文关键词: 浮标  势流:水动力:频域分析  耐波
英文摘要:
      A 3 m diameter disc buoy was designed in order to verify the performance of the domestic meteorological and hydrological sensors. It is planned to carry out the application test of all the sensors in the sea area with a depth of more than 2 000 m. The environmental statistics of the sea area where the buoy will be deployed, such as wave height, wave period, maximum wind speed and surface velocity, are proposed. The design parameters of the buoy, such as mass, center of gravity, draft, projection area of the external force and moment of inertia, are calculated. The hydrodynamic calculation of the buoy is carried out in the frequency domain by using AQWA software based on the three dimensional potential flow theory and wave radiation-diffraction theory, the first-order wave force, additional mass, additional damping and response amplitude operators of the buoy are simulated. The buoy design scheme is optimized by the simulation results. The calculation results of the optimized buoy change smoothly with the wave frequency, The amplitude is reasonable and there is no singularity in it, the results indicate that there is no obvious resonance between the buoy and the waves in the working sea area, and the buoy has enough bearing capacity for the environmental load. The scheme can be used in the development of buoy.
英文关键词: buoy  potential flow  hydrodynamic  frequency domain analysis  seakeeping
基金项目:重大科学仪器设备开发专项——海洋物性参数监测仪(2018YFF01014100)
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